• April 10, 2017

    Plan Your Next Escape to Oahu

    Oahu Map

    O'ahu offers the perfect blend of culture, outdoor sport and natural beauty, from big winter waves to globally welcoming Waikiki Beach. Check in to the SurfJack Hotel & Swim Club and then head out to some of our favorite local spots:

    1. Head To the North Shore:Halu'a

    Known as the Seven Mile Miracle, this stretch of beach is home to some of the most legendary waves in the world, and is as awe inspiring as it is dangerous. From the pounding surf of Pipe to big wave mecca Waimea Bay, stay comfortable in the water-friendly Halu'a.

    Ohana Slide2. Jump On the Mo'o in Hale'iwa Harbor:

    Head out with our friend Kaiwi Berry and Islandview Hawai'i to swim with sharks in crystal clear tropical waters. Jump back in the boat, and slip on your water loving 'Ohana Slides. With a quick drying upper, this sandal will take you from the boat to Hale'iwa Bowls for a post dive Acai snack with no worries.

    3. Cruise Around Waikiki:Eleu Trainer

    Slide into ARVO for avocado toast and a coffee, then head out to explore the South Shore of Oahu. From Kaka'ako to Diamond Head, don't miss a step in the 'Eleu Trainer. Lightweight, breathable, and designed to make a seamless transition from Mauka to Makai, this Trainer will keep up no matter where you head.


    4. Hike Tantalus Lookout:

    Leave the crowds behind and head up these lush mountains for an amazing view of Diamond Head and all of Waikiki. Get there in comfort with the Hamakua, designed with these bold landscapes and your big adventures in mind.

  • March 23, 2017

    Onboard the Hōkūle‘a with Na'alehu Anthony - The Navigators

    February 26, 2017

    We’ve been sailing for nearly three years on the international portion of the worldwide voyage. It’s hard to believe that there are only a handful of legs left before our canoe returns home. The Malama Houna movement has become something that has touched some of the farthest shores that some of us could not have even imagined when we set out of Hilo on the Big Island in May of 2014. Even in the face all of the metrics that we collect about the “movement” that this voyage has helped to bring to life I would argue that some of the biggest growth and impact has actually occurred right here, on the deck of a sailing canoe, as she has traversed all these miles across the face of the planet. This navigation team for this leg is an example of that growth and growing up that we have seen. All of them were on the fist leg to Tahiti in 2014 as apprentice navigators, and now, together, they are sailing this canoe without their teacher looking for the most isolated Island on the planet. I don't think that this was the way it was planned at which they were to step into the lead navigation role but it rarely every goes the way as planned when leadership development is in full swing.

    If you listen to the early interviews we did with these individuals back in 2013 and early 2014 you wouldn't even recognize them as the same people who have grown up to be on this voyage. The people we have on board today are poised, confident, and unabashed by the complexity and difficulty of the task they have chosen to take up. And in the opinion of someone who has been watching this process intently for a few years now, they are finally ready to learn. Yes, they have all had to learn tremendous amount “stuff” to get to the deck of the canoe. But now that they are here they have all the pieces of this “stuff” to put it into practice and internalize the process of way finding unto themselves.

    All that was left was to turn the deck of the canoe in to a classroom with the next set of lessons being the unending horizon that surrounds us. And over the course of the last 17 days and almost 2000 miles they were tested. The simple act of staying awake becomes a monumental test when having to stay awake and track direction and speed and distance. The patience part about this test was probably the one of the hardest. With nerves of steel they searched the horizon for three days, looking for the reef and then Rapa Nui, waiting for something to reveal itself.

    And so the all elusive and isolated Rapa Nui revealed itself yesterday at about 4 pm. When we checked the range we say that we were 43 miles out when they finally sighted the island. Some hugged, some just sat in a state of almost disbelief, while one other capped off 42 years of sailing this canoe, finally closing the triangle. All elusive indeed. And that became the last lesson of this experience. I would argue that without the Birds and swell and clouds as clues we would have never found this place. Trusting your naʻau as it turns out is every bit as important as the math and observation and science behind all of this.

    This will be my last “regular” update for this voyage. There are a couple more blogs that I want to get out while in Rapa Nui but this is the last one from the deck of this canoe for a while. Before I go I would like everyone who reads this to congratulate the crew who just stared impossible in the face and conquered it. But also a special acknowledgement for those who took up the task of the navigation; Lehua Kamalu, Haunani Kane, Jason Patterson and Noe Kamalu- I can’t wait to see what they do next.

    From the deck of the Mama canoe, Hōkūleʻa,

    Me ka haʻahaʻa

    Naʻalehu for the leg 28 crew

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  • March 23, 2017

    Onboard the Hōkūle‘a with Na'alehu Anthony

    February 12, 2017

    Aloha nui kakou,

    We are on our third day of the 28th leg of this worldwide voyage. Most of us have sailed multiple legs of this voyage and have thousands of miles of sailing under our belts. What is so great about this crew though, is that they many of us have been sailing together for decades. In the case of our captain Archie Kalepa, he has been sailing on board Hōkūle‘a for about a quarter century and many of those early sails he was a crew member side by side with the likes of Max and Keahi who are also on this leg. For myself, I came into the organization at the same time with fellow watch captain Russell and I have been privileged to sail with at least half this crew before. As we recount different destinations and as the stories come out about previous voyages, its hard to believe that this canoe has travelled so many miles and witnessed so many events. I think at the root of that is the learning that has taken place on board that has shaped the lives of so many individuals. If one counts the education efforts of the crews over the last 40 years and dozen or so voyages, literally hundreds of thousands of people have been on board to experience, in some way, the mana of this canoe.

    But for us on board, the experience is totally different for what will probably be almost three weeks of sailing. Different because at this point in the voyage we all have large amounts of sea time and expertise in sailing this vessel and yet, the more we think we know, the more we realize just how much we have to learn. It's a pretty interesting paradigm to be in as we move forward in life, more interesting because we get to be together in these “fairly isolated from the rest of the world experiences” where we have to work together as a team or the destination really cannot be reached. And so all of us bring our best selves to get to the destination. The physical destination is an island a little smaller than Kaho’olawe and about as isolated as you can get. But the metaphorical destination… I think that's a different story. I really believe that we are all here to learn more about this thing called sailing and in that learn more about ourselves. You cannot help but be introspective here. And that state of being is only broken by the occasional need to do something immediate, like stad the watch or sheet a sail. And so over the course of that we have to teach as well. There are those who haven’t spent as much time trimming sails or steering in these types of conditions. So the ability come to this with a humble heart to balance out the teaching and learning requires us to be true to what we know and more to the point what we don't know, and in that we will maybe find some true knowledge. For me, I'm just really stoked to be here, on the deck of this canoe, with this group that will be teaching and learning as we go. Its no wonder Hawaiians use a’o for teaching and learning, the two must go hand in hand if we are to truly attempt either.

    SB 72,


  • March 23, 2017

    Onboard the Hōkūle‘a with Captain Archie Kalepa - The Test

    February 12, 2017

    This is a big test for me. For me the sea has always brought some of the greatest tests of my life; my strength, my courage and my leadership. But this test is different. While I have been a crew member in many capacities on board Hōkūle’a, this is the first time that I have been asked to be in charge of it all. From the sacred vessel, Hōkūle’a to the sacred 13 souls on board I am humbled and honestly a little afraid of this new responsibility.

    And so our journey started with pulling up anchor at Santa Cruz Island, the first of many trials that will become this 1900-mile journey. We have had three anchors down for the better part of a week and there are ships moored all over this bay that we are in. The first order of business was to pull the anchors in the correct sequence so that we don't get too close to the other vessels and then hook up a tow with the Gershon II safely an without incident. And so our crew worked together to get through this seemingly small task, build some trust, and start our journey. I have a feeling it went well. They didn't say anything but they did look at me with a big smile and a head nod as if to say good job captain! Uncle Billy came up to me later and said our departure was textbook.

    And so since those anchors came up we have been tested. These lessons have come in bits and pieces, like a puzzle; the elusive wind, the swell direction, clouds, and how they hide our precious stars. The patch of rain last night taught us a lot about ourselves as the test was having to use our other senses as our eyes were muted by the dark sky, not even the moon could get through. This was a little test for the navigation team. By 6:30am we entered into a dark black hole of a cloud that wouldn't be something for a Pwo navigator to worry about but this new navigation team is testing themselves and I’m a captain who is new to this position. Lucky for us we have a seasoned crew with many deep sea crossings and who are eager to support the navigation team. Our navigators held the line and when we popped out of the cloud, having nothing to rely on but swell, the navigation team was right on point. The lesson, be patient, trust your decisions trust your crew. These are lessons in the purest form!

    This is because we have had great teachers; Nainoa, Bruce, Kalepa, Snake, Terry, Clay, all of them come to my mind. And we would not be right here, right now, without them. We'll be standing by 72,

    Captain Archie Kalepa

  • February 20, 2017

    Photo Gallery: POW!WOW! Hawaii

    Co-Director Kamea Hadar at work

    POW!WOW! Hawaii is wrapped - it was a colorful week filled with creativity, community, and a lot of art. We've collected a few of our favorite photos in this journal - enjoy!

    Welcome to Lana Lane

    Welcome to Lana Lane - the headquarters and heartbeat for all things POW!WOW!

    Tools of the Trade Focused on the details Wooden Wave at work

    We spent Wednesday with our good friends Wooden Wave as they joined POW!WOW! for their fifth year.

    Wooden Wave through the palms Saving Banksy Premiere

    It was a packed house as we premiered the documentary Saving Banksy on Thursday night in Kaka'ako.

    Screening of Saving BanksyQ & A at Saving BanksySaving Banksy PremiereOn the lift In Progress In Progress Night Moves Finalized Mural Shots POW!WOW! flowers Cruising Kaka'ako Mr. Jago's work Checking out the artworkAnywhereAloha Over Kaka'ako

  • February 19, 2017

    Wooden Wave at POW!WOW! Hawaii

    Matt and Roxy at Work

    We spent Wednesday with our good friends of Wooden Wave. They're a dynamic husband and wife artist duo that creates whimsical illustrations, designs, and paintings. And they are especially known for creating imaginative tree houses designed with underlying themes of sustainability, environmental awareness, and, of course, fun!

    This project brings all those elements together to create a treehouse for, and in the shape of, Darth Vader. The story goes that Darth Vader retires from running the empire to his custom tree house in the stars. Aside from featuring the essentials of any Wooden Wave sustainable treehouse - solar panels, garden beds, and skate ramps - Vader had this home custom made for his post-empire needs.

    Upon closer inspection, you'll notice the clothes line has his boots and cape hanging out to dry. The lower floor features a dance floor and Death Star disco ball, because we all know that Darth loves to disco!

    This mural also features the hand-lettering of Lana Lane artist Gavin Murai (under the name Reckon Shop), a lettering and graphic designer with a clean style and, like Wooden Wave, a fun-loving attitude. He created the typography portion featuring the Darth quote, 'Together we can rule the galaxy.' Although originally spoken in hopes of convincing Luke to rule the galaxy with him for the dark side, he has softened with age, and it now serves as a call to action - to live sustainably through an environmentally conscious lens.


  • November 16, 2016

    The Anywhere Aloha Story Returns to Miami

    Kamea and Tati

    Two years ago this fall, we brought together Tati Suarez and Kamea Hadar to share the spirit of Aloha in Tati's home, Miami. Highlighted in this Anywhere Aloha story, these artists created a beautiful piece inspired by the Polynesian Goddess Hina, who guides all who travel the open seas.

    Now they are back together again, this time in a different part of Miami, but with a similiar mission of sharing the Aloha spirit and sharing their cultural heritage through art. Their new piece again draws on the heritage of both artists, featuring cultural influence from Hawaii, Brazil, and Miami. Located along the water, near the mouth of the Miami River, this work depicts two spirits that inhabit and protect the river and surrounding area. These two spirits are wearing a Haku Lei, the traditional headdress of Hawaiian culture, tying back to Kamea’s Hawaiian roots and the sharing of the Aloha spirit here in Miami.

    Tati Painting In Miami

    This piece also carries cultural significance for the Miami area. “I’m excited because it allows us to bring public art to a different community with equal cultural and historical significance. It’s important for me as a local to encourage people to explore these overlooked yet vital parts of Miami,” explains Tati. This is the first piece in this area, and Tati hopes that it will help to inspire creativity and artistic expression along the river.

    Miami Mural Paint MixingTati at work on the details

    Says Tati, "I’m stoked to wrap up the year painting alongside a friend who introduced me to what it means to live with Aloha."

    Follow along on our social channels for more!

    @OluKai #AnywhereAloha

    Photos by @PeterVahan and @GerryMtz

  • October 18, 2016

    The Kanilehua Mural

    You may recognize Brandy Serikaku from our Anywhere Aloha story, The Creatives, where she met with Jhesika Menes and traveled from the Big Easy to the Big Island to share in and experience the distinct but surprisingly unique cultures in the two communities.

    Brandy in her studio

    We now join Brandy again on the Big Island, to share in her latest project: A mural in downtown Hilo, in collaboration with Temple Children.

    Temple Children's mission is to strengthen and bridge communities by embracing individuality and activating conversation and collaboration. They connect and support like-minded people seeking positive social and environmental change with each project they create, and this one is no different. Brandy's mural is one of six that will be completed this week, with artists from California, New Zealand, Australia, and Hawaii coming together to share their talents and embrace the creative energy of each other and the community they are visiting.

    Although this is Brandy's first mural project, the inspiration behind it comes from a lifetime of learning about, exploring, loving, and embracing Hawaiian culture:

    Raised in Hilo, Brandy has been dancing hula for 27 years for Halau O Ka Ua Kanilehua - a commitment that has inspired a love of the Hawaiian culture and language. She holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Hawaiian Studies from the University of Hawaii at Hilo. Currently the Art Director of Sig Zane Kaiao, Brandy has been designing for over 8 years and her pen illustrations and ink paintings have come to life through her recent designs for Salt Liko. Brandy always finds time to enjoy life, through surfing, traveling, adventuring with her daughters, working in the ʻāina, and drawing.

    Brandy on the Big Island

    It is no wonder that the inspiration for her mural comes from the natural world, and specifically, the landscape of the Big Island:

    "I want to focus on the lehua and bring awareness to rapid ohiʻa death and caring for our native forests. I thought of Kanilehua, which is the famous rain of Hilo and also the name of the hālau hula I dance for. The lehua trees attract the clouds that bring in the rain. When you look at the meaning of Kanilehua, kani means sound and lehua is the tree. When the rain hits the leaves, the pitter and patter can be heard. We can imagine Hilo having so many lehua trees that when it rained, they heard the lehua! It will reflect the rain and the lehua, and may become an abstract print.”

    Follow along here and on social media (InstagramFacebookTwitter) as Brandy's mural moves from inspiration to manifestation in Hilo, HI.

    Taro on the Big Island

    Mahalo to our partners, Temple Children, for bringing us together in this project. Also to photographers Mark Kushimi and Cory Martin for sharing their amazing work.

  • September 30, 2016

    Hau’oli Makahiki Hou – Food, Fireworks, and Fun

    OK37 With 2016 in the home stretch, we're about to enter the Holiday Season. At the end of the upcoming season and year is what is one of Hawaii's biggest celebrations all year. When the hands of the clock tick down the final moments of 2016, Hawaii, known as the “rainbow state” will bid a fond aloha to the year past and boldly welcome the New Year with a magnificent “rainbow” of explosions across the warm night sky. As one of the last time zones to ring in the New Year, Hawaii does so in grand style, and we don’t do it quietly.

    Home to an ethnically and culturally diverse population, the people of the islands share a unique blend of New Year’s traditions in which the widespread use of fireworks plays a mighty big role. New Year’s Eve in Hawaii consists of glorious weather, breathtaking scenery, and lively galas with music, fabulous food and hula.

    Ancient Hawaiian New Year Festivities

    The Hawaiian New Year festival, known as the Makahiki season, honors the god Lono. The Makahiki holiday covers four consecutive lunar months, approximately from late October or early November through February or March. Makahiki celebrates the bounty the gifts of nature and the bounty of the land.

    During ancient times, many religious ceremonies and blessing occurred during this period. Warfare was forbidden, and the people brought gifts and offerings to the chief or ali’I. Feasting on “pork, poi” and pineapple”, the people danced, played music, engaged in sports, and talked story in a ritual inscribed to renew communal bonds and to assure that there were no unresolved conflicts to adversely affect the new crops.


    Ahi tuna, found on the dinner plates of many Hawaiians on New Year’s Eve, is a pricy local delicacy with the prized translucent red fish commanding higher prices than ever before. Once plentiful, ahi tuna is now in short supply as fishermen fail to come back with the #1-grade ahi. The tradition of eating sashimi December 31 originates within the local Japanese culture, with the fish representing health and prosperity for the coming year.

    Fried, baked, broiled, blackened, or raw, ahi tuna is a New Year’s favorite. reports, “Smaller fish are usually caught around fish aggregation buoys and over seamounts. The large fish (over 100 pounds) are usually caught in deep open ocean waters. They are preferred for their typically higher fat content and greater yields. All Hawaii ahi tuna is sold fresh.”

    Residents describe the traditions of the islands, commenting, “One of Hawaii’s most entrenched traditions is the consumption of massive amounts of tuna (preferably ahi) sashimi for New Year's Day. Every year around this time, prices for top-grade ahi doubles or triples - rising in some years to as high as $50 a pound for highly marbled ahi toro. Everyone in Hawai`i, it seems, certainty not just Japanese-Americans, believes that a big pile of ahi sashimi along with their fireworks is "no ka oi." One of the most interesting parts of this ritual is the annual "ahi price monitor", where the local papers start to report with minuscule accuracy the cost of various cuts.”

    Another tradition dating back to 15th century Japan is the ritual of sipping a bowl of ozoni soup enriched with kamaboko or fish cake and served with mochi or rice cakes. The round shape and glutinous texture of the kamaboko and mocha represent cohesiveness and harmony.


    The practice of setting off fireworks at midnight brought to the Pacific Ocean Islands by Chinese immigrants is meant to ward off evil spirits and usher in good luck for the New Year. In the evening hours before midnight, celebrants light up thousands of explosives, creating an incredible amount of noise and billowing clouds of smoke. In Honolulu, dawn finds the streets ankle deep in firework’s curled paper wrappings.

    In 2000, the Hawaii State legislature, in an attempt to curb enthusiasm for the noisemakers, enacted a law requiring a $25 permit to purchase 5,000 firecrackers. However, the lawmakers failed to limit the number of permits any one person can purchase, so many folks just buy several.

    Fun - Aloha, 2016!

    Best Places To Watch Hawaii New Year's Eve Fireworks Shows

    No matter if you are on Oahu, Hawaii Island, Maui, Kauai, or Lanai, there is no more magical place to welcome in the New Year than in the Hawaiian Islands.

    Imagine spending the day surfing, snorkeling with the sea turtles, strolling barefoot on the sugary sands, chilling at a beach bar with an icy cold beer, or just watching the waves break against the shore. Then, because its New Year's Eve in Hawaii, spend the remainder of the day and evening celebrating with the locals, enjoying mouth-watering foods, watching the fireworks, dancing and partying until the golden sun lights up the eastern sky: life just doesn’t get any sweeter than this.


    Look for the firing of a stellar fireworks display and light show on December 29th. Fired from a barge anchored offshore of the Trump Tower Waikiki, the festivities commence at 8:30 PM

    On New Year’s Eve the exuberant celebrations kick-off at 10:00 PM with an impressive firing from a barge fronting 4559 Kahala Avenue. The show can be viewed from several public beach locations where locals gather for a night of family BBQs, music, and dancing

    Waikiki New Year’s Fireworks - An Extraordinary Event

    Voted the #1 New Years Eve party in Hawaii, the Waikiki New Year’s Fireworks, held at Kakaako Waterfront Park and visible from the entire Waikiki beachfront, kicks off at 6 PM. In a spirit of Lokahi or unity, more than 120,000 visitors and kamaaina all come together in joyous celebration to welcome the new year.

    Enjoy an exciting line-up of the islands top bands and local musicians, thrilling carnival rides, a beer garden, fire dancers, more than 50 food vendors, and a breath-taking fireworks display at the midnight hour. Get ready to be amazed: more than 1,800 shells will be fired during the show.

    Additional local displays include midnight firings at Ko Olina Resort, at 1101-1367 Sand Island Parkway and the Kahala Hotel and Resort. On the eastern side of Diamond Head, the annual midnight display presented by at Kahala Hotel and Resort is magnificent. If you are not staying at the oceanfront resort, you can still enjoy the 2016 sendoff from nearby Wailupe or Waialae Beach Parks.

    Celebrations at the Aloha Tower Market Place begin at 7 PM and continue until 2 AM. Multiple stages with feature local bands, dancing and more culminating in a spectacular firework show at midnight.

    To avoid the crowd and have a quiet celebration, take a sail or book a dinner cruise to watch the Waikiki skies erupt in brilliant splendor. For many residents, a dinner cruise to watch the show is an annual event. The Star of Honolulu cruise line offers a mouth-watering fresh seafood buffet, music, and dancing under the stars. At the midnight hour, guests are offered a perfect view of the pyrotechnics at Aloha Tower.

    Wet ‘N’ Wild New Year’s Eve Fireworks and Family Celebration features 25 waterpark rides. On New Year’s Eve, you can sun, swim or dance to live music while enjoying local food favorites. The evening comes to a memorable conclusion with a dazzling fireworks display. The waterpark is an ideal family destination.


    If you plan to celebrate New Year’s Eve on the Valley Isle, you will find dozens of delightful ways to bring in the New Year on Maui and also across the channel on Lanai. The majority of celebrations are local in nature with firework displays fired off up and down the beach. One of the best places to view the dramatic light shows is from the deck on a catamaran or sailboat dinner cruise offshore.

    Some of the best spots for the Grand Wailea Resort's annual fireworks are along Wailea Beach Park, or from hotels along the beach. If you're staying in Wailea, wander the Wailea Coastal Walk to Wailea Beach. The official show starts at midnight, but impressive displays light the night skies from dark to dawn.


    The fireworks display presented at Poipu Beach by the Poipu Beach Resort Association is the highlight of the Garden Isle’s New Year. Visitors and residents alike fill Poipu Beach with lawn chairs and blankets as they enjoy the live entertainments, food, and a jaw-dropping display of fireworks.

    Hawaii – The Big Island

    Hawaii’s Big Island offers fantastic celebrations to greet the New Year with resorts and restaurants offering unique dining and New Year’s Eve events. For locals and visitors alike, the best show in town is often the light show put on by Madame Pele when Kīlauea bellows and blows.

  • September 26, 2016

    Kohola – Hawaii’s Humpback Whales

    Have you ever heard a whale’s song? Eerie and haunting, the song of kohola (the humpback whale) is a stellar sound. In Hawaii, the whale return is not looked upon as a visit, but rather a homecoming. The humpbacks are considered “Kama'aina” or native born.

    If you have long had a desire to witness firsthand the passage of whales on their annual migration to warmer waters to give birth to their young, the Hawaiian Islands are an ideal place to do so. Hawaii is the only state in the U.S. where kohola mate, calve, and nurse their young. With temperatures averaging from 75-to-80 degrees Fahrenheit, the whales are drawn to the islands' balmy waters.

    “Gentle giants of the sea,” humpbacks devote the winter months to “bulking up,” building up fat reserves by filter-feeding on tiny crustaceans and schools of small fish such as krill and herring. One of the largest species of baleen whales, kohola are impressive in size: adult males reach up to 50 feet or more and weigh up to 45 tons, and the females can reach over 60 feet in length and up to 60 tons in weight. Native Hawaiians believe kohola are 'aumakua (family guardians) or gentle giants to be treated with Aloha and great respect.

    Surprisingly agile for their size, humpback whales are graceful acrobats, delighting spectators with their frolicking and playful antics. It is an unforgettable sight to see a humpback whale “breach,” catapulting to project more than 50 percent of its body out of the water to land on its side with a massive splash.

    If you would like to visit the islands to view this spectacular odyssey, the best time to plan your trip is from December to May when weather conditions are sunny and clear. During the fall, Northern Pacific Humpback whales depart the frigid waters of the Gulf of Alaska, swimming non-stop for up to eight weeks on their journey to their winter home in the waters surrounding Hawaii. Here they mate, have their young, and care for their calves. One of the many miracles of nature, the 6,000-mile yearly migration of the Northern Pacific Humpback whale is one of the longest migration journeys of any mammal.

    Hawaii’s Whaling Era

    As evidenced by petroglyphs, artifacts, myths, and legends, the kohola has long played an important role in the island’s rich historical heritage. The history of whaling in Hawaii began in 1819 when two ships from New England dropped anchor in Hawaiian waters. With the discovery of rich whaling grounds between Hawaii and Japan, hundreds of whaling ships from around the world sailed into the Hawaiian waters.

    At that point in time, whale products were in high demand; whale oil was used for heating, lamps and maintaining industrial machinery; whalebone was used in corsets, skirt hoops, umbrellas and buggy whips.

    Due to its Central Pacific location, equidistant from Japan and the United States, Hawaii was important in resupplying the ships with supplies from the fertile lands.

    Not excited by the typical Hawaiian diet of fish and poi, the sailors wanted fresh fruit, vegetables, beef, sugar and white potatoes. To satisfy the whaling trade demand, Hawaiians began to cultivate new crops, changing the agricultural use of the land. For Hawaii, whaling was the mainstay of the economy for more than 40 years. By 1846, there were 763 whaling ships that docked in Hawaii ports.

    When oil was discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania in 1859, petroleum products soon came to replace whale oil for heating, lighting, and other uses, spelling the end of the whaling industry. Unfortunately, due to over-fishing, by that time the whale population was decimated, with an estimated population of fewer than 6,000 humpback whales worldwide.

    The Endangered Species Act, passed in 1973, listed the humpback as endangered, providing the needed protection and ecological habitat for long-term recovery. Protection efforts have proved successful. As of September 2016, the North Pacific Humpback Whale is removed from the endangered species list, once again frolicking in Hawaii water’s to the delight of residents and visitors alike. Today, more than 11,500 kohola make the annual migration to Hawaii.

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